begin page 4 | back to top

Blake in the Marketplace, 1986

After several hyperactive years, the Blake market experienced some slowing of momentum in 1986. No Blake paintings or drawings appeared at auction or in dealers’ catalogues, but two slight pencil sketches (illus. 6 & 7) changed hands privately and the Tate Gallery acquired the tempera of Moses Indignant at the Golden Calf by bequest. That worthy institution also purchased at auction one of the great masterpieces by Blake’s followers, Richmond’s Creation of Light (illus. 9). The only newsworthy events in the market for Blake’s separate plates were the appearance of a previously unrecorded state of “Mrs. Q” and the confirmation that a set of the Dante plates is indeed now worth over £20,000. But such prices still pale in comparison to the upper reaches of the art market: $11.1 million for Manet’s La Rue Mosnier aux Paveurs,[e] $5.1 million for your basic Mondrian, $2 million for James Rosenquist’s F-111 (about what the plane itself originally cost), and $1.1 million for a reasonably comfy chair made in Philadelphia about 200 years ago.

Perhaps the most intriguing (non)event of the year was the failure of Songs of Innocence copy X (illus. 2-5) to find a purchaser at auction. Sotheby’s estimate and reserve (the price below which the item is not sold) were simply too high for only 14 plates on 7 leaves. Although offered in a print sale, the bound collection of plates must have been perceived as a book by potential bidders, and thus its incompleteness was crucial. The fact that the book had also been on the market for a year or two before the auction and advertised in Apollo without finding a buyer might have given some hint of the lack of interest at anything close to the asking price. Perhaps the recto/verso printing, a format that hinders leaf-by-leaf sale (“suitable for framing”), helped preserve the volume from a dealer who might break it up. But while the market was displaying this reasoned restraint in late June, one-half of one plate from Innocence (illus. 1) fetched £5800 hammer price (plus 10% buyer’s premium) only five months later. I trust that this sale will not tempt owners of illuminated books to snip them into little pieces before sending them to market. Thankfully, copy X is back in the safe hands of its owner and no longer on the auction (or chopping) block.

The year of all sales and catalogues is 1986 unless noted otherwise. The auction houses listed above add their purchaser’s surcharge to the hammer price in their price lists. These net amounts are given here, following the official price lists. Each year, the auction firms become a little slower in issuing their price lists. Thus, I have not been able to cover several sales coming in the last few months of the year. These will appear in the 1987 review. Copy designations and plate numbers for the illuminated[e] books follow G. E. Bentley, Jr., Blake Books (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977). “Butlin #—” refers by entry number to Martin Butlin, The Paintings and Drawings of William Blake (New Haven & London: Yale Univ. Press, 1981), 2 vols.

I am grateful for help in compiling this list to David Bindman, Martin Butlin, Ruth Fine, Thomas Lange, Raymond Lister, Arthur Vershbow, David Weinglass, and Richard Godfrey and Henry Wemyss of Sotheby’s.

ABBREVIATIONS

BBA Bloomsbury Book Auctions, London
cat. catalogue or sales list issued by a dealer (usually followed by a number or letter designation) or auction house (followed by the day and month of sale)
CL Christie, Manson & Woods, Ltd., London
CNY Christie, Manson & Woods, New York
illus. the item or part thereof is reproduced in the catalogue
pl(s). plate(s)
SL Sotheby’s London
SNY Sotheby’s New York
st. state of an engraving, etching, or lithograph
Swann Swann Galleries, Inc., auctioneers, New York
# auction lot or catalogue item number

begin page 5 | back to top

ILLUMINATED BOOKS

“The Ecchoing Green,” pl. 1, from Songs of Innocence. Top design only, hand colored. SL, 1 Dec., #172, illus. (£6380 to the London dealer Libby Howie for a private collector). See illus. 1.

“Night” from Songs of Innocence, the lower design only of the second pl. with 9 lines of the text and lower design of the first pl. on the verso. Printed in light brown, with black ink and water colors added by hand, 3.1 × 6.4 cm. Lott and Gerrish, June cat., #27, recto and verso illus. color (£1250). Now in the collection of David Bindman, London. Previously sold Sotheby’s Belgravia, 5 April 1977 (£420).

Songs of Innocence, copy X. SL, 27 June, #746, pls. 13, 14, 19, 27 illus. in black and white, pls. 17, 25, 36, 54 illus. color (bought-in at £40,000 on an estimate of £80,000-100,000). See illus. 2-5 and discussion above.

DRAWINGS AND PAINTINGS

Moses Indignant at the Golden Calf. Tempera on canvas, 38 × 26.6 cm., c. 1799-1800. Butlin #387. Acquired 1986 by the Tate Gallery by bequest from the estate of Ian L. Phillips. The Tate is cleaning and restoring the painting; no photo currently available. The sketch for Hecate (Butlin #319) remains in the possession of the Phillips family.

Sketch, Probably for Bunyan’s Dream. Sold April by Mrs. Edna M. Maggs to R. Essick. See illus. 6.

Study for The Flight of Moloch. Sold July by David Bindman to R. Essick. See illus. 7.

MANUSCRIPTS ABOUT BLAKE

Edmund Blunden. Autograph manuscript of Blunden’s introduction to an intended facsimile of Blake’s plates for Rees’s Cyclopaedia, a critical appraisal of the book and of Blake’s plates, 3 pp., folio, from Keynes’s collection. SL, 27 May, #523 (Richards, £154).

E. J. Ellis. Gilchrist, Life of Blake (1863), signed on the title-page by Ellis and dated March 1869, with his extensive annotations in vol. 1. D. Heald, March private offer, acquired by R. Essick.

SEPARATE PLATES & PLATES IN SERIES, INCLUDING PLATES EXTRACTED FROM PRINTED BOOKS

Blair’s Grave. 3 pls. from, with 1813 imprints: “Death of the Strong Wicked Man,” “Christ Descending into the Grave,” and “The Descent of Man into the Vale of Death.” Swann, 19 Dec. 1985, #136 ($100).

1. Blake.   “The Ecchoing Green,” pl. 1, from Songs of Innocence. Relief etching printed in blue, a previously unrecorded impression. Upper design only, 5.9 × 6.9 cm. Hand colored in brown, with a very pale violet on the front-most woman’s dress and on the shirt of the standing figure far right. The brown tints would appear to be underpainting to create shaded areas after another layer of wash (green, for example) is applied. Thus, the print represents an early stage in Blake’s hand coloring procedures. Photo courtesy of Sotheby’s, London.

“Christ Trampling on Urizen.” SL, 25 April, #134, signed by E. J. Shaw, heavy wove paper, scuff marks in sky, water stained, creased (not sold).

Dante, illus. to SL, 27 June, #747, 1892 printing, slight foxing, more pronounced on pl. 6, pl. 2 illus. (£24,200 —a new auction record); the set acquired by Keynes from the Linnell family in 1912; probably the set offered by Colnaghi, March-April 1977 cat., #8 ($12,000). SNY, 20 Nov., #4, pl. 3 only, few slight stains ($1540).

“Hawker, Rev. Robert.” CL, 13 May, #53, small margins, illus. (not sold; estimate £700-900); only the fifth recorded impression.

Job engravings. Weston Gallery, Feb. cat. 2, #14, pl. 13 only, “Proof” issue on French paper, illus. ($1265). SNY, 14 Feb., #201, “Proof” issue on French paper, some foxing, pl. 15 illus. ($8525); #365, issue not indicated but apparently the regular issue of 1826, some marginal soiling ($6325). Black Sun Books, July cat. 70, #13, “proof impressions on India paper, mounted on heavy sheets of paper” (and thus probably the restrikes of 1874), “original light blue boards and printed paper label on spine” ($17,000). SL, 19 June, #123, “proof impressions on india paper,” cover label loosely inserted, pl. 5 illus. (Hirschl, £9680).

begin page 6 | back to top

“Mrs. Q.” SL, 1 Dec., #173, color printed with hand tinting, previously unrecorded state with signatures but before title inscription, illus. (£1100 to D. Heald for R. Essick).

BOOKS WITH ENGRAVINGS BY & AFTER BLAKE

Bell’s Edition of the Poets of Great Britain, 1777-83. Swann, 17 April, #151, 109 vols., fancy bindings, in 2 contemporary traveling boxes ($7500); no indication that Blake’s print after Stothard for one of the Chaucer volumes is present rather than Cook’s of the same design.

Blair, Grave. SL, 9 Dec. 1985, #231, 1808 quarto, spotted, uncut (Seibu, £165). Phillip Pirages, Jan. cat. 10, #64, 1808 quarto “untrimmed,” “Day of Judgment” illus. ($1750). Jeffrey Stern, Jan. cat. 3, #458, 1813 quarto, “original blind decorated gilt lettered cloth” (like the 1870 folio?), with 4 pls. by Blake for Lavater’s Physiognomy and “nine” [sic?] pls. for Wollstonecraft’s Original Stories (1796) “inserted” (£425). Claude Cox, Jan. cat. 52, #18, 1808 quarto, some spotting, uncut (£350). Wilsey Rare Books, Feb. cat. 18, #49, 1808 quarto, “original blue boards,” uncut, no mention of cover label ($650). SNY, 14 Feb., #366, 1808 quarto, some soiling, some leaves loose, binding worn ($440). Claude Cox, April cat. 53, #30, 1813 quarto, publisher’s blue cloth, “blocked in blind and lettered in gold” (like 1870 reissue?), rebacked (£120). Swann, 22 May, #40, 1870 folio, rebound ($300 on an estimate of $80-120). Alan Thomas, May cat. 48, #41, 1808 quarto, fancy binding (£350). Ben Abraham Books, Sept. cat. 6, #11, 1808 quarto, some foxing ($1500); same copy, Jan. 1987 cat. 7, #13 ($1500). Although I have not seen either copy, the two 1813 quartos (noted above) in publisher’s bindings, suspiciously like that used for the 1870 reissue, suggest that John Camden Hotten received some unbound 1813 quarto sheets when he acquired Blake’s plates from Ackermann. Hotten then bound these up in the same publisher’s cloth he used for his facsimile reprint of 1870.

Bürger, Leonora. SNY, 14 Feb., #367, some minor spotting and soiling, rubbed, but a good copy (Quaritch for Arthur Vershbow, $935).

Cumberland, Attempt to Describe Hafod. Cavendish Rare Books, May cat. 22, #38, with half-title, “large paper . . . seemingly a presentation copy” (£185). The fairly detailed cat. description makes no mention of the presence of the map, attributed to Blake, nor could a member of the dealer’s staff, contacted after the book had been sold, recall the map’s presence.

Cumberland, Thoughts on Outline. CNY, 16 May, #137, advert. leaf at end, rubbed, title-page misprint uncorrected ($385).

Infant Joy
	I have no name
	I am but two days old.__
	What shall I call thee?
	I happy am
	Joy is my name,__
	Sweet joy befall thee!
	Pretty joy!
	Sweet joy but two days old,
	Sweet joy I call thee;
	Thou dost smile.
	I sing the while
	Sweet joy befall thee.
2. Blake.   “Infant Joy” from Songs of Innocence copy X. Relief etching with white-line work, 11 × 6.8 cm., printed in green and hand colored. The flowers are tinted blue, as in 7 other recorded impressions. Photo courtesy of Sotheby’s, London.
[View this object in the William Blake Archive]

Darwin, Botanic Garden. Jeffrey Stern, Jan. cat. 3, #457, 3rd ed., “fine contemporary” binding (£425). Lawson, Jan. cat. 225, #19, 1799 octavo ed., 2 vols. (£95). George’s, July cat. 690, 1st ed. of Part I, 2nd of Part II (£200). Spelman’s Bookshop, Oct. cat. 9, #607, 1799 octavo ed., 2 vols., fine contemporary calf (£280). Lawson, Nov. cat. 228, #47, 1st ed. of Part I, 4th of Part II (£165). Blackwell’s, Dec. cat. A85, #496, 1st ed. of Part I, 3rd of Part II, frontispiece stained, other pls. brown (£200).

Darwin, Poetical Works. O’Flynn Books, May cat. 26, #53 (£180).

Enfield, Speaker. Peter Murray Hill, winter cat. 173, #66, 1797 ed. (£40).

begin page 7 | back to top

Flaxman, Iliad, 1805. Zeitlin & Ver Brugge, Nov. cat. 292, #41, bound with Odyssey, 1805, foxed ($200).

Gay, Fables. Argonaut Book Shop, May cat. 97, #99, 1st ed., “large and thick paper . . . uncropped,” tissue guards over pls., slight foxing ($500). Edward Nudelman, June cat. 10, #60, “12 woodcut [sic][e] engravings by Blake” ($350). SL, 10 June, #1269, with Milton, Paradise Lost, 1799 (Siebu, £264). Quaritch, Aug. cat. 39, #116, 1st ed. ($675). Heritage Bookshop, Dec. cat. 160, #65, 1st ed. ($450). James Cummins, Dec. cat. 18, #46, lacking last 12 pp. ($425).

Gough, Sepulchral Monuments. Howes, June cat. 231, #787, 2 vols. in 5, 1786-96, fancy binding (£500). David Bickersteth, July cat. 93, #25, 2 vols. in 3, 1786-96 (£440).

Hayley, Life . . . of Cowper, 1803-1804. Phillips, London, 20 March auction, #233, spotted (estimate £40-50).

Hayley, Triumphs of Temper, 1803. G. W. Stuart, Feb. cat. 6, #91 ($395). Lawson, Nov. cat. 228, #48 (£165). George’s, Nov. cat. 687, #89, large paper, fancy Bedford binding (£450). James Cummins, Dec. cat. 18, #371 ($350).

Hogarth, Works. CL, 30 May, #113, 1822 issue (Burgess, £918). SL, 19 June, #154, Baldwin and Cradock issue, c. 1835-37 (Marks, £275). Beeleigh Abbey Books, Aug. cat. 41, #255, Baldwin and Cradock issue, c. 1835-37 (£1600).

Hunter, Historical Journal, 1793 quarto. SL, 15 April, #796, soiled, worn (not sold); 8 May, #59, “tall copy” (Blackwell, £2640). SNY, 24 Sept., #168, title-page shaved, some wear and tears ($1320). SL, 23 Oct., #520 (Bonham, £1540).

Josephus, Works. BBA, 12 Dec. 1985, #138, issue of c. 1800, 58 pls. only (Jeffrey, £82). Demetzy Books, Feb. private offer, first(?) issue, c. 1785-86, rebacked ($250). Baughman Rare Books, July cat., #288, first(?) issue, c. 1785-86 ($565).

Lavater, Aphorisms on Man, 1794. James Cummins, Dec. cat. 18, #377, disbound, foxed ($100).

Lavater, Essays on Physiognomy, 1810. CL, 27 Nov. 1985, #85, 3 vols. in 5, original boards uncut, some covers loose (Hetherington, £108).

Malkin, Father’s Memoirs of His Child. W. Thomas Taylor, Sept. cat. 42, #16, modern binding, slight damp staining ($400). Lawson, Nov. cat. 228, #49, half-calf (£165).

Nicholson, Introduction to Natural Philosophy, 2nd ed., 1787. R. & D. Emerson, Feb. private offer, new binding ($275).

Rees, Cyclopaedia. BBA, 30 Oct., #140, vols. 1-20, 22-39 and 6 pls. vols., worn (Jeffrey, £176).

Shakespeare, Plays, 1805. BBA, 6 March, #152, 9 vol. issue, spotted, some leaves loose (not sold).

Stedman, Narrative. W. & V. Dailey, March cat. 41, #161, 1806 ed. ($600). Sims, Reed & Fogg, summer cat. 86, #2018, 1813 ed. (£750). BBA, 31 July, #425, 1796 ed., some spotting (Elliott, £242). SNY, 24 Sept., #214, 1796 ed., pls. hand colored, rebacked ($1760).

Stuart and Revett, Antiquities of Athens. CL, 16 April, #193, 3 vols., 1762-94, lacking pl. 29 in vol. 2, some staining (Weinreb, £2160). SL, 8 May, #174, 4 vols., 1762-1816, original boards uncut (Sotiriadis, £2860); #304, 4 vols., 1762-1816, rubbed and stained (Weinreb, £2750). D. & E. Lake, Nov. cat. 81, #78, 5 vols., 1762-1830, some foxing ($8000).

Vetusta Monumenta. SL, 11 March, #594, 5 vols. in 3, 1747-1835, some tears, worn (Downie, £165). This collection may include Ayloff’s Account of Some Ancient Monuments (1778), with 7 pls. attributed to Blake, although the cat. makes no mention of it.

Virgil, Pastorals. Marlborough Rare Books, Oct. cat. 117, #37, vol. 1 only, worn contemporary sheep, some browning, cut no. 1 illus. (£3800).

Wollstonecraft, Original Stories, 1791. Jeffrey Stern, May cat. 4, #394, lacking pl. 2 (£245). SNY, 24 Sept., #117, Stopford A. Brooke’s copy, with a duplicate set of the pls. bound in (Justin Schiller for R. Essick, $1430). The duplicates of pls. 3 and 5 are in a previously unrecorded first state. This minor discovery suggested to me that all pls. exist in 3 states. Since pls. 1 and 2 were already known in 3 states, I started searching for unrecorded first states of pls. 4 and 6. These I soon found, via photo files, in a copy of the 1791 ed. in the Rosenwald Collection, Library of Congress, call no. PZ6.W7. Since all these first states, both previously recorded (pls. 1, 2) and newly identified (pls. 3-6), have imprints, all would appear to be published states rather than working proofs.

Young, Night Thoughts, uncolored. SL, 9 Dec. 1985, #230, lacking Explanation leaf, soiled, worn, upper cover loose, p. 8 illus. (Seibu, £880). SNY, 14 Feb., #370, Explanation leaf torn and repaired, covers loose ($1320). Phillip Pirages, July cat., #181, lacking Explanation leaf, “excellent impressions,” pp. 26-27, 49 illus. ($3500).

begin page 8 | back to top
Leopards, tygers play,
	Round her as she lay;
	While the lion old,
	Bow’d his mane of gold,
	And her bosom lick,
	And upon her neck,
	From his eyes of flame,
	Ruby tears there came;
	While the lioness.
	Loos’d her slender dress,
	And naked they convey’d
	To caves the sleeping maid.
	The Little Girl Found
	All the night in woe,
	Lyca’s parents go:
	Over vallies deep.
	While the desarts weep.
	Tired and woe-begone.
	Hoarse with making moan:
	Arm in arm seven days.
	They trac’d the desart ways,
	Seven nights they sleep.
	Among shadows deep:
	And dream they see their child
	Starv’d in desart wild,
	Pale thro’ pathless ways
	The fancied image strays,
	Famish’d
3. Blake.   “The Little Girl Lost” (pl. 2) and “The Little Girl Found” (pl. 1) from Songs of Innocence copy X. 11 × 6.8 cm. Photo courtesy of Sotheby’s, London.
[View this object in the William Blake Archive]

BLAKE’S CIRCLE & FOLLOWERS

Works are listed under artists’ names in the following order: untitled paintings and drawings sold in groups, single paintings and drawings, letters and manuscripts, separate plates, books with plates by or after the artist.

BASIRE, JAMES

“Le Champ de Drap d’Or,” etching/engraving after F. Edwards. CL, 13 May, #24, folds, tears, stains (£162).

CALVERT, EDWARD

“Chamber Idyll,” wood engraving. Weston Gallery, Feb. cat. 2, #15, from the Memoir, illus. ($1740).

“Cyder Feast,” wood engraving. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #144, from the Memoir, illus. (£850).

“Lady and the Rooks,” wood engraving. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #145, from the Memoir, illus. (£400).

“Return Home,” wood engraving. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #146, from the Memoir, illus. (£400).

“Sheep of His Pasture,” engraving. SL, 26 June, #441, 2nd st., printed in brown (£440).

FLAXMAN, JOHN

Charity: Attendants Supporting a Mourning Woman. Pencil, 9⅛ × 8¼ in. CL, 4 Feb., #53, with a drawing attributed to Mather Brown (£172).

Anatomical Studies, 1833. Pickering & Chatto, Oct. cat. 69, #50, foxed, worn ($350); same copy, Nov. cat. 70, #25 ($350).

Eight Illustrations of The Lord’s Prayer, 1835. Sanders of Oxford, March cat. 110, #217 (£45).

Iliad illustrations. Thomas Thorp, fall cat. 458, #125, with Odyssey, Aeschylus, and Hesiod illustrations, in 1 vol., Florence, L. Piazzini, 1826 (£220). See also Flaxman, Iliad, under Books with Engravings by and after Blake.

Lectures on Sculpture, 1829. Philadelphia Rare Books, Oct. cat., #65, lacking frontispiece ($200).

FUSELI, HENRY

Celadon and Amelia, circle of Fuseli. Oil, 121.9 × 101 cm., after Fuseli’s painting in the Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe. CL, 28 Feb., #164, illus. (£756).

Cleopatra Receiving the Asp. Pencil, pen, touches of wash, 21.5 × 30.5 cm., paper watermarked 1805. SL, 10 July, #50, illus. (not sold).

Dr. James Paying a Bill. Pencil, pen, wash, 11¾ × 8⅞ in. CL, 8 July, #105, illus. (not sold on an optimistic estimate—and high reserve?—of £5000-7000).

Head of a Woman Wearing a Necklace and Elaborate Headdress. Pencil, 22.5 × 15 cm. SL, 13 March, #106, illus. (£3520).

Self-Portrait, in dressing-gown and night-cap, smoking a pipe. Black ink, 4½ × 5 in. CL, 8 July, #106, illus. (£4104).

Study of a Young Lady with an Elaborate Headdress. Pencil, 18 × 21 cm. SL, 10 July, #51, illus. (£2420).

Study of Mrs. Fuseli, Wearing an Elaborate Headdress. Gray wash, pen, pencil, 21.5 × 13.5 cm., anatomical sketch on verso. SL, 10 July, #49, illus. (not sold).

3 autograph notes and 2 autograph letters, 1 to “Du Rouvray” discussing an engraving of a picture of Achilles and Briseis. CL, 29 May, #310 (Browne, £432).

begin page 9 | back to top

“Death of Oedipus,” mezzotint by W. Ward. CL, 11 Nov., #19, hand colored, some staining (£440).

“Evening thou Bringest All,” lithograph. R. E. Lewis, Jan. 1987 cat., #9, 2nd st., printed in brown, some soiling, illus. ($5800).

“Vision of the Lazar-House,” engraving with aquatint by M. Haughton, 1813. R. E. Lewis, April private offer. See illus. 8.

Boothby, Sorrows Sacred to . . . Penelope, 1796. Quaritch, Aug. cat. 39, #92, fancy binding ($1250).

Specimens of Polyautography, 1803. 12 lithographs, including works by Barry, Stothard, and Fuseli. SL, 27 June, #745, 4 pls. illus. (£9350).

Winckelmann, Reflections on the Painting and Sculpture of the Greeks, 1765. Spelman’s Bookshop, Oct. cat. 9, #120 (£300).

Young, Catalogue of the . . . Collection of . . . J. J. Angerstein, 1823. Sims, Reed & Fogg, summer cat. 86, #3489 (£45).

LINNELL, JOHN

Cattle at Hampstead. Water color, 7 × 9 in., signed and dated [18]24. Martyn Gregory, Nov. cat. 45, #107 (£950).

Eve Offering the Forbidden Fruit to Adam. Water color, 21 × 16.5 cm. SL, 13 March, #66, illus. (£1320).

Job Offering up Sacrifices for his Children. Oil by Linnell and Hannah Palmer, 56.5 × 76.2 cm. CL, 28 Feb., #85, illus. (£1404). The picture bears no similarities to Blake’s Job designs. Previously offered CL, 26 July 1985, #290 (not sold).

Landscape Sketch in Hertfordshire. Pencil, 25.4 × 38 cm., signed and dated 1814. Agnew, Jan. cat. 113, #79 (£350).

Mountain Track. Oil, 70.5 × 98.5 cm., signed and dated 1869-75. SL, 9 July, #96, illus. color (not sold).

Noon. Oil, 72 × 100 cm., signed and dated 1871. SL, 1 Oct., #138, illus. color (£11,000). By the 1860s, Linnell’s style had become formulaic, but this very lovely painting shows his ability to exceed the usual limitations of his self-imposed conventions.

Pastoral Scene. Oil, 76.2 × 101.6 cm., signed and dated 1872. CNY, 26 Feb., #143, illus. color (not sold).

Portrait of John Chin. Oil, 28.8 × 22.2 cm., signed and dated 1816. CL, 17 Oct., #129, illus. (not sold).

Portrait of Selby Lowndes. Pencil, 6⅝ × 4⅜ in., signed and dated 1820. CL, 22 July, #27, with 5 other portrait drawings by Linnell (£64).

Famish’d. weeping. weak
	With hollow piteous shriek
	Rising from unrest,
	The trembling woman prest,
	With feet of weary woe;
	She could no further go.
	In his arms he bore.
	Her arm’d with sorrow sore;
	Till before their way,
	A couching lion lay.
	Turning back was vain,
	Soon his heavy mane.
	Bore them to the ground;
	Then he stalk’d around,
	Smelling to his prey.
	But their fears allay.
	When he licks their hands:
	And silent by them stands.
	They look upon his eyes
	Fill’d with deep surprise:
	And wondering behold,
	A spirit arm’d in gold.
	On his head a crown
	On his shoulders down.
	Flow’d his golden hair.
	Gone was all their care.
	Follow me he said,
	Weep not for the maid;
	In my palace deep,
	Lyca lies asleep.
	Then they followed,
	Where the vision led:
	And saw their sleeping child.
	Among tygers wild.
	To this day they dwell
	In a lonely dell,
	Nor fear the wolvish howl,
	Nor the lions growl.
4. Blake.   “The Little Girl Found,” pl. 2, from Songs of Innocence copy X. 11 × 6.9 cm. Photo courtesy of Sotheby’s, London.
[View this object in the William Blake Archive]

Portrait of the Rev. William Allies, c. 1819, and a portrait of Mary Linnell dated 1829. Pencil, 17.5 × 13 cm., the second smaller. SL, 24 April, #283, Allies portrait illus. (not sold). Offered again, SL, 16 Oct., #424 (same result).

Rev. Edward Bury. Pencil heightened with white, 24.5 × 14.5 cm. SL, 10 July, #126 (£858).

Shallows. Oil, 31 × 43 cm., signed. SL, 9 July, #97, illus. (not sold).

Shepherd and a Shepherdess. Oil, 76 × 101.5 cm., signed and dated 1872. SL, 1 Oct., #287, illus. color (not sold).

Trees in North Wales. Pencil, 4⅞ × 6½ in., signed and dated 1813. CL, 22 July, #7, with 5 drawings by another hand (£108).

begin page 10 | back to top

Wooded Landscape with Figures on a Path. Oil, signed and dated 1838. CL, 25 July, #206, illus. (not sold).

MORTIMER, JOHN HAMILTON

Portfolio of 6 drawings, including anatomical studies. Pen and ink, various sizes. SL, 24 April, #233 (not sold); 16 Oct., #363 (not sold).

Group of 3 studies, and studies of 2 helmeted heads of soldiers. Pen and ink, 7⅜ × 7¼ in. CL, 8 July, #81 (£453).

War Instigated by the Demon of Discord and Restored by the Virtues. Pencil, pen, wash, red chalk, 9⅞ × 8½ in. oval. CL, 8 July, #80 (£702).

PALMER, SAMUEL

Figures Rowing on a Lake. Sepia wash, 3¼ × 4½ in. Martyn Gregory, Nov. cat. 45, #120, illus. (£1800).

Landscape with Windmill. Sepia wash, 3¼ × 4½ in. Martyn Gregory, Nov. cat. 45, #121, illus. (£3000).

“Bellman,” etching. Craddock & Barnard, April cat. 151, #199, 7th st., 1926 printing (£1720); same impression, July supplement to cat. 152, illus. (£1720). CL, 23 April, #621, 5th st., pencil signature, illus. (£2052). SL, 26 June, #457, 7th st., 1926 printing (£990); #458, the same (not sold).

“Christmas,” etching. SL, 25 April, #364, 5th st., 1926 printing (£330).

“Cypress Grove,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #461, 2nd st., illus. (£180).

“Early Ploughman,” etching. SL, 25 April, #367, 6th st., slight foxing, with “Rising Moon,” final st., foxed and with minor damage (not sold). Craddock & Barnard, April cat., 151, #198, 9th st., 1926 printing (£430). Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #457, 8th st., 1926 printing, illus. (£750). SL, 26 June, #460, 6th st., pencil signature (£385).

“Herdsman’s Cottage,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #455, 2nd st., printed before the published ed., illus. (£455). CL, 25 June, #713, 2nd st., pencil signature, from the collection of George Richmond (£345). Garton & Cooke, Sept. cat. 36, #54, 2nd st., inscribed “Proof on Japan p: by Goulding,” pencil signature, illus. (£1500); #55, 2nd st. on laid paper, 1872 printing (£450).

“Homeward Star,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #459, 4th st., 1927 printing (£300); #460, 3rd st., 1924 printing, illus. (£460).

Wept for me for thee for all,
	When he was an infant small.
	Thou his image ever see,
	Heavenly face that smiles on thee,
	Smiles on thee on me on all,
	Who became an infant small,
	Infant smiles are his own smiles.
	Heaven & earth to peace beguiles
5. Blake.   “A Cradle Song,” pl. 2, from Songs of Innocence copy X. 11 × 7 cm. The white-line hatching on the background drapery and the white line delineating the woman’s profile are particularly clear in this impression. Photo courtesy of Sotheby’s, London.
[View this object in the William Blake Archive]

“Lonely Tower,” etching. Weston Gallery, Feb. cat. 2, #16, 6th st., pencil signature, illus. ($4700). SL, 25 April, #368, impression from the cancelled pl. (not sold). SL, 26 June, #459, 5th st., pencil signature and inscribed “Trial Proof,” illus. (£2310).

“Moeris and Galatea,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #463, 2nd st. (£160); #464, 4th st., printed in the 1920s, illus. (£300).

“Morning of Life,” etching. SNY, 7 March, #403, 6th st., pencil signature and inscribed “Trial Proof—Very Good” ($1210).

begin page 11 | back to top
6. Blake.   Sketch, Probably for Bunyan’s Dream. Pencil, approx. 16 × 12.7 cm., on laid paper watermarked M & J LAY 1816. Inscribed by Frederick Tatham, lower right. Essick collection. Butlin, #830, dates the drawing to c. 1824-27 and suggests that it is an alternative version for the first design in Blake’s water-color series illustrating Pilgrim’s Progress. This textual source, however, does not offer an easy identification of the hovering figure (unless he is a personification of “the Similitude of a Dream”) or the figure walking away on the left.

“Opening the Fold,” etching. SL, 25 April, #369, 3rd st., pencil signature, slight foxing (£440). Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #458, 4th st., illus. (£900).

“Rising Moon,” etching. Garton & Cooke, summer cat., #72, 7th st. (£375).

“Sepulchre,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #462, 2nd st., illus. (£180).

“Skylark,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #452, between 6th and 7th st., laid India, illus. (£750); #452, 7th st. (£425).

“Sleeping Shepherd,” etching. SL, 25 April, #365, 3rd or 4th st. (not sold).

7. Blake.   Study for The Flight of Moloch (Milton’s “Nativity Ode”). Pencil, approx. 26 × 20.3 cm., c. 1815. Butlin #541. Essick collection. The underdrawing of the 3 figures nearest the bottom of the sheet accords with their positions and gestures in the first series (1809) of the “Nativity Ode” water colors (Whitworth Art Gallery), but the overdrawing on these figures and the arm positions of the idol, the outline of his crown, and the leg positions of his spirit departing at the top all follow the later series of c. 1815 (Huntington Library). Thus, this working sketch is the intermediary between the two finished versions of this design.

“Weary Ploughman,” etching. CL, 23 April, #620, 8th st. (£216). SL, 25 April, #366, 8th st., with 2 etchings by W. L. Wyllie (£308). Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #453, 7th st., illus. (£1600); #454, 8th st., minor damage (£500). Garton & Cooke, Sept. cat. 36, #56, 8th st., 1865 printing, illus. (£600).

“Willow,” etching. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., #451, 3rd st., 1926 printing, illus. (£425).

Hamerton, Etching and Etchers. Lott & Gerrish, June cat., p. 64, 1868 ed. with Palmer’s “Early Ploughman” (£850); 1880 ed. with Palmer’s “Herdsman’s Cottage” (£550).

begin page 12 | back to top
8. The Vision of the Lazar-House (Milton’s Paradise Lost).   Engraved by Moses Haughton after the painting by Henry Fuseli for his “Milton Gallery.” Etching/engraving with aquatint, 53.8 × 67.2 cm., open-letter proof (first published state?), published 10 Oct. 1813. Essick collection. The painting is lost, but two preliminary drawings survive. This large print is now quite rare. David Weinglass tells me that, in his researches for a catalogue of prints after Fuseli, he has not found another impression (the one listed by the Victoria & Albert Museum as being in its collection cannot be located.)

Palmer, A. H., Life and Letters of Samuel Palmer. Blackwell, June cat. A83, #41, 1st ed., rubbed (£220). Swann, 22 May, #281, 1st ed., large paper (withdrawn). Sims, Reed & Fogg, summer cat. 86, #1277, 1st ed., original cloth (£285).

Palmer, S., An Address to the Electors of West Kent, 1832. Marlborough Rare Books, Oct. private offer, disbound (£450).

Palmer, S., English Version of the Eclogues of Virgil. D. McDowell, March cat. 3, #436, 2nd ed., 1884 folio, publisher’s vellum (£550); same copy, Nov. cat. 5, #418 (£550). CL, 23 April, #622, 2nd ed., publisher’s cloth (£410). CNY, 16 May, #182, 1st ed., large paper, publisher’s vellum ($638). Swann, 22 May, #282, apparently 1st ed., original cloth ($425). CL, 21 Oct., #371, pls. only from 2nd ed., with “The Early Ploughman” (£220). Sims, Reed & Fogg, summer cat. 86, #2131, 1st ed., large begin page 13 | back to top paper, rebound but preserving original vellum front cover (£850). SL, 19 June, #165, 1st ed., original vellum (Jacobson, £572). Blackwell, Dec. cat., #105, 1st ed., small paper, Eton College prize binding (£400).

Palmer, S., Shorter Poems of Milton, 1889. CNY, 16 May, #183, large paper, publisher’s vellum, pl. 3 foxed ($220). CL, 30 May, #269, original cloth scuffed (Vine, £97).

RICHMOND, GEORGE (excluding later portraits)

Group of 7 drawings, pencil, ink, and water colors, including 3 washerwomen; Calais, 1828; Moses, c. 1820-23; a devil; bearing wood. 11 × 7⅜ in. and smaller. CL, 29 April, #10 (not sold).

Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden. Pencil and colored chalk, 44.5 × 61 cm. SL, 10 July, #88, illus. (£880).

The Creation of Light. SL, 12 March, #75, illus. color (£52,800 to Spink for the Tate Gallery). See illus. 9.

ROMNEY, GEORGE (excluding portrait paintings)

Folio of 46 drawings, mostly pencil, various sizes, including studies for the Opening of the Ark, Charity, Canidia, L’Allegro, Titania’s Chariot. SL, 13 March, #64, 2 illus. (£3520).

Folio of 22 drawings, mostly pencil, various sizes. SL, 16 Oct., #343, 1 illus. (£418).

Folio of 22 pencil drawings, 28 × 42 cm. SL, 16 Oct., #342, 1 illus. (£330).

Folio of 9 drawings, pencil, various sizes, including studies for Banquo and the Ghost, Fall of the Rebel Angels, prison scenes, the flood. SL, 13 March, #65, 1 illus. (£1210).

Clustered and Embracing Figures: Study for Howard Visiting the Lazaretto. Pencil, 5½ × 9⅛ in., with 2 others. CL, 18 March, #78 (£151).

Couple Walking, Arm in Arm. Pencil, 11 × 14¼ in. CL, 18 March, #77 (£205).

Studies for Cimon and Iphigeneia. Pen and wash, 10¼ × 16 in. CL, 8 July, #25 (not sold).

Study for Viscountess Bulkeley as Hebe. Pen, pencil, wash, 7 × 3¾ in. CL, 18 March, #73, illus. (£1188).

Study of a Woman Holding a Lyre. Ink and wash, 23 × 18 cm., foxed. SL, 16 Oct., #385, illus. (£330).

9. George Richmond.   The Creation of Light. Tempera on panel, 47.5 × 40.5 cm., signed “George Richmond / 1826” lower right. The Tate Gallery, the new owner of this magnificent painting, is now repairing the minor damage left of the figure and above his head. Blake executed the same subject as a water color for Thomas Butts (Butlin #433). Might there be some compositional relationship between Blake’s design, untraced since 1853, and Richmond’s? There is no record of Richmond having access to Butts’s collection, where Blake’s drawing would have been by the time Richmond met Blake. Photo courtesy Sotheby’s, London.

Suppliant and Commanding Figures. Pencil, 15 × 22½ in. CL, 18 March, #75, illus. (not sold).

Tancred Supported by Erminia and Vafrino, 3 studies for. Pen and ink, averaging 7¾ × 6¼ in. CL, 8 July, #24 (not sold).

Temptation of Christ and Angels in Flight, 2 in 1 frame. Pencil, dated “Sept 93,” 5⅝ × 8⅞ in. and smaller. CL, 18 March, #75, 1 illus. (not sold).

begin page 14 | back to top

STOTHARD, THOMAS

Methought I was enamoured of an Ass. Water color, 5 × 5⅞ in. CL, 18 March, #47, illus. (£378).

Triumph of Britannia. Oil on panel, 29 × 95 cm. SL, 12 March, #69, illus. color (£2860).

“Pilgrimage to Canterbury,” etching/engraving by Heath and Schiavonetti, 1817. CL, 13 May, #43 (£291).

“Power of Innocence” and “Innocent Stratagem,” stipple engravings by J. Strutt. CL, 11 Nov., #41, some staining, with 2 other prints (£110).

“Shakespeare’s Seven Ages of Man,” engraved title and 7 pls. BBA, 5 June, #498, hand colored, foxed (Fogg, £242).

Bijou, 1828. Book Press, July cat. 25, #53, publisher’s binding ($95). William Allen, winter 1986-87 cat. 276, #80 ($25).

Bray, Life of Stothard, extra-illustrated copies only. Beeleigh Abbey Books, Aug. cat. 41, #40, 2 vols., with 169 added pls. (£395); same copy, George Houlé Books, Sept. cat. 35, #102 ($1200).

Collins, Poetical Works, 1797. Jeffrey Stern, May cat. 4, #430 (£70).

Defoe, Robinson Crusoe, 1790. Claude Cox, May cat. 54, #73 (£120).

Hayley, Triumphs of Temper, 1799. Deighton Bell, July cat. 236, #431, rebacked (£35).

Rogers, Italy, 1830. Swann, 12 June, #302, foxed ($60). Blackwell, June cat. A83, #384, foxed (£35). SL, 10 June, #994, with Rogers, Poems, 1834 (Thorpe, £154).

Rogers, Pleasures of Memory. Claude Cox, May cat. 54, #89, 1793 ed., worn (£25); #90, 1802 ed. (£18). Thomas Thorp, June cat. 457, #298, 1810 ed., large paper? (£50).

Rogers, Poems. Sterling Books, April cat. 63, #316, 1834 ed. (£55). Claude Cox, April cat. 53, #104, 1814 ed., rebacked (£15). Sanders of Oxford, March cat. 110, #491, 1812 ed. (£38). Blackwell, Dec. cat. A85, #116, 1812 ed. (£50). Claude Cox, Dec. cat. 57, #175, 1834 ed. (£30).

Print Edition

  • Publisher
  • Department of English, University of Rochester
  • Rochester, NY, USA
    • Editors
    • Morris Eaves
    • Morton D. Paley
    • Managing Editor
    • Patricia Neill
    • Bibliographer
    • D.W. Dörrbecker
    • Review Editor
    • Nelson Hilton
    • Associate Editor for Great Britain
    • Frances A. Carey
    • Contributors
    • G.E. Bentley, Jr.
    • Morris Eaves
    • Robert N. Essick
    • Robert F. Gleckner
    • Jean H. Hagstrum
    • George Mills Harper
    • Nelson Hilton
    • Mary V. Jackson
    • Edward Larrissy
    • Lousie Lippincott
    • Catherine McClenahan
    • Anne K. Mellor
    • Peter Otto
    • George Anthoy Ross, Jr.
    • Charu Sheel Singh
    • Brian Wilkie
    • David Worrall

    Digital Edition

    • Editors:
    • Morris Eaves, University of Rochester
    • Robert Essick, University of California, Riverside
    • Joseph Viscomi, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    • Managing Editor
    • Joe Fletcher
    • Assistant Editor Editor
    • Michael Fox
    • Previous Project Manager and Technical Editor
    • William Shaw
    • Adam McCune
    • Managing Editor Blake/An Illustrated Quarterly
    • Sarah Jones
    • Project Director and Assistant Project Manager
    • Grant Glass
    • Project Coordinator, University of Rochester:
    • Eric Loy
    • Scanning:
    • UNC Digital Production Center
    • XML Encoding:
    • Apex CoVantage
    • Additional Transcription:
    • Adam McCune
    • Jennifer Park
    • Emendations:
    • Rachael Isom
    • Mary Learner
    • Adam McCune
    • Ashley Reed
    • Jennifer Park
    • Scott Robinson
    • XSLT Development:
    • Adam McCune
    • Joseph Ryan
    • William Shaw
    • PHP and Solr Development:
    • Michael Fox
    • Adam McCune
    • Project Assistants:
    • Lauren Cameron,
    • Rachael Isom,
    • Mary Learner,
    • Jennifer Park,
    • Ashley Reed,
    • Adair Rispoli,
    • Scott Robinson
    • Sponsors
    • Funders
    • Blake/An Illustrated Quarterly
    • William Blake Archive
    • Carolina Digital Library and Archives
    • Use Restrictions
    • Copyright © 2019 Blake/An Illustrated Quarterly, all rights reserved. Items in this digital edition may be shared in accordance with the Fair Use provisions of U.S. copyright law. Redistribution or republication on other terms, in any medium, requires express written consent from the editors and advance notification of the publisher. Permission to reproduce the graphic images in this digital edition rests with the owning institutions.